The Copper Valley's big active volcano, Mt. Wrangell, was named after a Russian admiral, Ferdinand von Wrangel, during the heyday of Russian ownership of Alaska. Alaska was so "new" to outsiders that they felt that every time they saw something interesting, they were the first people to ever see it. So, like Adam, they felt compelled to name everything in sight.
The other mountains visible from the Copper Valley were named in 1885, by one Lt. Henry T. Allen, the first American who trudged his way through the region, imparting his own brand of "ownership" by renaming anything that struck his fancy: Rivers, mountains, canyons... He named mountains after friends, teachers, and political dignitaries. He named rivers after various companions on his trip.
But the real name of three of these huge Wrangell mountains – the Ahtna Indian name – is K'elt'aini. The Ahtna traveled up to the foothills of these mountains to hunt, sending their young men to find sheep and to learn to be strong and resourceful.
(Photo, Mts. Drum & Sanford, Neil Hannan)
This is a terrific park to visit. Wrangell-St. Elias National Park is not only a very big park, it's also a very new park. It was officially named in 1978.
The park is just on the other side of the Copper River, but you can't get to it by road except to the north, on the Nabesna Road, and the south, on the McCarthy Road.
When the National Park Service decided to make a facility for visitors, they chose to put it at Copper Center, with a view of the mountains. (Actually, practically every community has great views of the Wrangells; this was just a practical location, near the junction at Glennallen.)
You can go to the National Park facilities at Copper Center and learn about Wrangell-St. Elias. There are ranger talks, short walks, and maps and visitor information. But, please note, although you are at the park's major visitor center here, you are far from actually entering the park, which is not accessible by bridge in the Copper Valley except on the McCarthy Road, past Chitina.
Copper Center Park Headquarters:
Ten miles south of Glennallen on the Richardson Highway, at Mile 106.8 Richardson Highway, on the "mountain" side of the highway. Contact them by calling 822-7250.
You can learn a lot about Wrangell-St. Elias in Copper Center's National Park Service Headquarters. But that's just not the same as heading down the McCarthy Road and actually seeing the park for yourself.
McCarthy and Kennicott (also known as "Kennecott") are a tremendously exciting location to visit.
Here, you can see America's tallest wooden building, the Kennecott mill, still standing, all 14 stories of it. The wealthy Guggenheim Family (long a part of America's fabled "1%") ran the copper mines here. They bought the mines in 1903, taking the valuable copper from the Ahtna people. The mines worked full-bore until 1938. By 1938, the copper companies decided they had taken all they wanted, and abruptly pulled out of Alaska, leaving behind all their documents, papers, dishes, and everything else, neatly in place as if they would soon return. They never came back.
Although the copper mines tried to hire locals to demolish the Kennecott buildings after they left town, the structures were too sturdy to take down, so, by a fluke of fate, they still exist. Many Alaskans wanted the mines to crank up again, but the owners weren't interested, and eventually, the core of the historic buildings were taken over the National Park Service, which has spent a number of years trying to salvage key buildings for historical purposes.
The mine buildings are unique in that they show the ability of sheer wealth to transform an immensely isolated part of Alaska into a sophisticated place, where they had electricity, a hospital, regular train service, and just about every amenity that was available at the time in the Lower 48.
The McCarthy Road is 59 miles long. It's a dirt road. Drive it with care. Many motor home rental and car rental companies in Alaska don't allow their cars to be driven on this or any other dirt road. You can choose to use a shuttle van from the central Copper Valley, or also get there by plane.
Chitina Ranger Station:
Located at Chitina during the summer months, in a historic 1910 log cabin. It is open daily in the summer.
Call the Chitina's Ranger Station at 823-2205.
McCarthy Road Information Station:
At Mile 59 of the McCarthy Road, this is a self-service kiosk.
Kennecott Visitor Center:
Once you arrive at the bridge to McCarthy, you cross it, and then wait for a shuttle. They'll take you 5 miles to Kennecott, for a very reasonable price. You can walk around Kennecott and view the old mills. There's a visitor center there, on the main road to the mills, that is well-marked. Call (907) 205-7106.
There are only two road access entries to the National Park. The major route in, shown above, is the McCarthy Road.
The Slana/Nabesna entrance is off the Tok Cutoff, at Slana, the entrance to the Nabesna Road.
Slana Visitor Center:
There's a ranger station at Slana, half mile down the Nabesna Road. Call 822-7401.
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